PENGARUH BAHASA MELAYU DALAM BAHASA DUSUN BRUNEI
(The Influence of the Malay Language on the Brunei Dusun Language)

*Mohd Norazmie Mohd Yusof
du1721001a@student.ums.edu.my

Universiti Brunei Darussalam.

Saidatul Nornis Haji Mahali
saidatul@ums.edu.my

Pusat Penataran Ilmu dan Bahasa,
Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

Sila rujuk: Mohd Norazmie Mohd Yusof dan Saidatul Nornis Haji Mahadi. (2019). Pengaruh bahasa Melayu dalam bahasa Dusun Brunei. Jurnal Bahasa, 19(1), 96-116.

Abstrak
Puak Dusun dikenali dengan nama Sang Jati merupakan salah satu daripada tujuh puak jati di Negara Brunei Darussalam. Puak Dusun Brunei mempunyai bahasanya yang tersendiri dan masih dipraktikkan oleh sebahagian masyarakat Dusun sehingga hari ini. Namun begitu, ramai yang tidak menyedari bahasa Dusun di Brunei telah dipengaruhi oleh bahasa Melayu Brunei. Kajian mengenai isu tersebut agak kurang diberikan perhatian. Objektif kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti pengaruh bahasa Melayu dalam bahasa Dusun dan mengenal pasti punca pengaruh tersebut. Terdapat tiga aspek linguistik yang disentuh untuk melihat pengaruh bahasa Melayu, iaitu ejaan bahasa Dusun, fonologi bahasa Dusun dan imbuhan bahasa Dusun. Bahan kajian utama ialah kosa kata bahasa Dusun yang direkodkan dalam tesis Yabit (1994) yang bertajuk The Recostruction of Pre-Dusun and the Classification of its Decendents.; buku Daftar Leksikal 7 Dialek Brunei Darussalam (2011); Kamus Sang Jati Dusun (2014) serta; leksikal bahasa Dusun. Kosa kata berkenaan dibandingkan dengan aspek linguistik bahasa Melayu Brunei. Pengaruh terhadap bahasa Dusun yang dibincangkan termasuklah faktor bahasa serumpun, sistem pendidikan, perpindahan puak Dusun, sosial dan ekonomi. Kajian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan pengetahuan tambahan mengenai bahasa etnik di Brunei dan meningkatkan kesedaran masyarakat Dusun mengenai bahasa mereka yang terkesan oleh pengaruh bahasa Melayu.
Kata kunci: bahasa Dusun Brunei, pengaruh bahasa Melayu, Sang Jati Dusun, ejaan, fonologi, imbuhan

Abstract

The Brunei Dusun ethnic group, also known as Sang Jati Dusun, is one of the seven ethnic groups in Brunei Darussalam. The Dusuns have their own distinctive language which is still practised by some of the members of this group today. However, many are unaware that their language has been influenced by the Brunei Malay language. The objectives of this study are to identify the influence of the Malay language on the Dusun language and the cause of the influence. There are three linguistic aspects regarding the influence of the Malay language that are discussed, which are the spelling, phonology and the language affixes of the Dusun language. The source for the main study are vocabulary items taken from Yabit’s (1994) thesis entitled The Reconstruction of Pre-Dusun and the Classification of its Descendants (2011); the book entitled Daftar Leksikal 7 Dialek Brunei Darussalam (2011); Kamus Sang Jati Dusun (2014); as well as lexical items known by the researcher. The respective vocabulary items are compared with the linguistic aspects of the Brunei Malay language. Subsequently, this paper discusses some of the possible causes that may have influenced the Dusun language. Among these are that the two languages originate from the same clusters of Austronesian, the strong cognate between the Dusun language and the Malay language, the Brunei education system, the migration of the Dusun tribes to the shoreline, and socio-economic factors. Finally, it is hoped that this study will provide additional information on the ethnic languages in Brunei and raise awareness among the Dusun community about how their language has been affected by the influence of Malay.
Keywords: Brunei Dusun language, influence of Malay Language, Sang Jati Dusun, spelling, phonology, affix

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