Memugar Maklumat Teks Kata Halal dari Perspektif Naturally Occurring Data (Nod)

[Re-Examining Textual Information of the Word Halal from the Perspective of Naturally Occurring Data (NOD)]

Hishamudin Isam

din@uum.edu.my

Mashetoh Abd Mutalib

mashetoh@uum.edu.my


Rohaya Md. Ali

aya@uum.edu.my

Pusat Pengajian Bahasa,

Tamadun dan Falsafah, Kolej Sastera dan Sains,

Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia.

Abstrak

Kajian ini bertujuan meneliti semula pendeskripsian makna kata halal yang terdapat dalam Kamus Dewan (2016).  Kata yang berasal daripada kalimah Arab halla, yahillu, hillan, wahalalan, telah dideskripsikan dengan empat makna dalam bahasa Melayu.  Walau  bagaimanapun, maklumat yang terkandung dalam pendeskripsian makna yang dibuat adalah terhad dan boleh menimbulkan unsur taksa.  Kajian bersandarkan “data semula jadi” yang digagaskan dalam analisis “linguistik dalam dunia sebenar” ini secara spesifik  membincangkan maklumat teks bagi kata halal untuk makna 2. berbentuk kiasan (yang diperdapat, diperoleh, diperbuat. Sebanyak 31 349 kata halal yang diselusuri daripada pangkalan data DBP, DBP-UKM dan WebCorp telah dianalisis dengan menggunakan teori prosodi semantik.  Teori yang menekankan unsur consistent aura ini berjaya menyerlahkan maklumat teks bagi makna 2. berbentuk kiasan (yang diperdapat, diperoleh, diperbuat, makna sumber yang boleh dikategorikan kepada empat submakna, iaitu bahan, aktiviti, rezeki dan  hak/pemilikan. Penyerlahan maklumat teks ini membuktikan bahawa analisis bahasa berasaskan data semula jadi mampu menawarkan penjelasan makna bagi sesuatu kata yang mengalami masalah ketaksaan, sehingga makna kata tersebut dapat difahami dengan lebih jelas.

Kata kunci: Data semula jadi, linguistik dalam dunia sebenar, halal, makna, webcorp

Abstract

This study aims to re-examine the description of the meaning of the word halal in Kamus Dewan (2016). The loanword, which originates from the Arabic halla, yahillu, hillan, wahalalan, is denoted with four descriptions in the Malay language dictionary. These descriptions, however, depict limited information when compared to the original word, which in turn may cause ambiguity. This study, which puts forth a real-world linguistic analysis based on the naturally occurring data (NOD) specifically discusses the textual information of the second meaning of the word halal in the dictionary, which defines it as “yang diperdapat, diperoleh, diperbuat”. A total of 31 349 occurrences of the word halal, which were extrapolated from the DBP, DBP-UKM and WebCorp database, were analysed based on the semantic prosody theory. The theory, which stresses on the element of consistent aura, managed to further elaborate the textual information of the source definition (yang diperdapat, diperoleh, diperbuat) into four sub-definitions, which concern material, activities, sustenance and possession. This elaboration demonstrates that the NOD-based analysis is able to facilitate the comprehension of ambiguous words so that an inclusive understanding of the meaning can be achieved.

Keywords: naturally accurring data, real-world linguistics, halal, meaning, WebCorp

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