Analisis Metafungsi Bahasa dalam Penulisan Karangan

(Analysis of Language Metafunction in Essay-Writing)

Norfaizah Abdul Jobar

norfaizahabdjobar@ymail.com

Anida Sarudin

anida@fbk.upsi.edu.my

Idris Md Radzi

idris@fbk.upsi.edu.my

Fakulti Bahasa dan Komunikasi,

Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris,

Tg. Malim, Perak, Malaysia.

Abstrak

Makalah ini meneroka aplikasi jenis tema dan metafungsi bahasa dengan memanfaatkan teori SFL (Lingustik Fungsional Sistemik). Data diperoleh daripada penggunaan bahasa oleh murid bahasa kedua semasa memulakan ayat dengan mengenal pasti penggunaan tema yang hadir dalam penulisan karangan jenis pendapat melalui penganalisisan 366 ayat daripada 21 buah karangan. Jenis tema yang dianalisis ialah tema bertanda dan tema tidak bertanda manakala metafungsi bahasa yang diteliti melibatkan tiga kategori, iaitu tema  ideasional, tema interpersonal dan tema tekstual. Daripada analisis ini dapat dikenal pasti bahawa murid sering memanfaatkan tema tidak bertanda, tema ideasional dan tema tekstual  dalam menjana ayat awal. Penganalisisan ini membantu murid memahami pelahiran idea secara sistematik dalam penulisan dan dapat menyalurkan maklumat kepada guru untuk membina kaedah penulisan yang bercirikan wacana lengkap.

Kata kunci : karangan, tema, jenis tema, metafungsi

Abstract

This paper explores the application of theme type and language metafunction using the SFL (Systemic Functional Linguistics) theory. Data was obtained from the beginning sentences of opinion essays written by second-language students, through the identification of the themes they use. 366 sentences from 21 essays were analysed. The analysis of theme involved both marked and unmarked themes, while that of language metafunction involved three categories: ideational theme, interpersonal theme and textual theme. The analysis reveals that unmarked theme, ideational theme and textual theme are often employed by students when constructing the first sentence. This analysis may help students to develop their ideas systematically when writing, and may provide teachers with the necessary information to develop an effective method for teaching essay-writing.

Keywords: composition, theme, theme type, metafunction

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