Aplikasi Strategi Kesantunan dalam Rancangan Bual Bicara Motivasi Diri Radio IKIMFM

(Applications of Politeness Strategies in Motivational Talk Shows on IKIMfm Radio)

Arina Johari

arinajr@iium.edu.my

Indirawati Zahid

indirawati@um.edu.my

Akademi Pengajian Melayu,

Universiti Malaya.

Abstrak

Kajian ini mengenal pasti penggunaan pola kombinasi strategi dan maksim dalam soal jawab struktur isi rancangan bual bicara peserta rancangan bual bicara Celik Mata Reset Minda Orang yang Tenang di radio IKIMfm. Beberapa metod diaplikasi antaranya analisis teks, transkripsi dan kuantitatif. Korpus ini menggunakan kerangka teori kesantunan Brown dan Levinson dan prinsip kerjasama Grice, yang dikombinasikan bagi membentuk model pola kombinasi strategi dan maksim untuk menganalisis 294 dialog dalam soal jawab struktur isi bual bicara. Model pola kombinasi strategi dan maksim membentuk empat pola kombinasi strategi dan maksim yang mengandungi dua pola teras, iaitu P2 dan P3. Pola teras P2 mengandungi strategi kesantunan positif dan kesantunan negatif manakala P3 mengandungi strategi tanpa rekod dan kedua-duanya mempunyai padanan maksim prinsip kerjasama (PK) tertentu. Kajian mendapati peserta perbualan mematuhi model pola kombinasi strategi dan maksim dengan pola A variasi pertama mendominasi keseluruhan ujaran untuk mencapai situasi bebas konflik. Situasi ini didapati amat signifikan dalam menzahirkan kesantunan sebenar peserta bual bicara.

Kata kunci: strategi kesantunan, prinsip kerjasama, model pola kombinasi strategi dan maksim, situasi bebas konflik, pola teras

Abstract

This study disscuses linguistic politeness used by participants in “Celik Mata Reset Minda Orang yang Tenang” talk show aired by Radio IKIMfm. Several methods are used which include text analysis, transcription and quantitative analysis. This corpus used a framework that combines Brown and Levinson’s politeness theory and Grice’s Cooperative Principle (CP), to create a model that is defined as the Pattern of Combination of Strategy and Maxim Model to analized 294 dialouges in Q&A content structure. Pattern of Combination of Strategy and Maxim Model consists of four patterns of combined strategies and maxim that are later based on two main patterns which are P2 and P3. P2 is a positive and negative politeness strategy while P3 is an off-record strategy and both has its own relation within its CP maxim. The result of this study depicts that the participants in this talk show have applied Pattern of Combination of Strategy and Maxim Model which seen that first variation of Pattern A dominates their utterance to avoid conflict. The situation was found to be highly significant in showing the real politeness among participants.

Keywords: politeness strategy, cooperative principle, Pattern of Combination of Strategy and Maxim Model (PCSMM), non-conflict situation and core pattern

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