Implikasi Pengajaran Bahasa Inggeris sebagai Bahasa Kedua atau Bahasa Asing terhadap Budaya

Ratnawati Mohd. Asraf

Abstrak

Makalah ini membincangkan implikasi mengajarkan bahasa Inggeris terhadap budaya dan sejauh mana kita harus mengajarkan budaya Inggeris atau Barat apabila mengajarkan bahasa ini. Juga dibincangkan adalah sebab-sebab mengapa orang Islam mengambil berat akan implikasi mengajarkan bahasa Inggeris terhadap budaya. dan mencadangkan bagaimana kita boleh menangani isu budaya apabila mengajarkan bahasa Inggeris. Akhir sekali makalah ini membicarakan bahawa walaupun bahasa Inggeris berakar umbi budaya Yahudi­Kristian, dan sering dianggap sebagai laluan utama nilai Barat atau sekular, mempelajari bahasa Inggeris tidak bercanggah dengan nilai-­nilai Islam, dan pelajar boleh menguasai bahasa Inggeris tanpa mengambil budayanya. Umat Islam harus menganggap bahasa Inggeris sebagai suatu bahasa penting yang patut dikuasai kerana bahasa ini adalah bahasa utama untuk memperoleh kebanyakan daripada ilmu kontemporari.

Abstract

This paper discusses the cultural implications of teaching English as a second or foreign language, and the extent to which we should teach English or Western culture when we teach the language. It also discusses the reasons as to why Muslims are concerned about these cultural implications, and proposes how we can deal with the issue of culture when teaching English. It argues that although English is rooted in the Judeo-Christian culture, and often viewed as a primary vehicle for the transmission of Western or secular values, the learning of English is not in conflict with Islamic values, and that a learner can become proficient in English without having to adopt its culture. Muslims should regard English as an important language to be mas­tered as it is a major language through which we acquire much of contemporary knowledge.

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