Dimensi dalam Pendidikan dan Pemelajaran Sastera

Mukhsin Ahmadi

Abstrak

Pendidikan dan pemelajaran sastera melibatkan pelajar, media karya sastera, sarana dan prasarana, guru dan pendekatan serta metodologi. Pemilihan buku sastera, perancangan pemelajaran disesuaikan dengan heterogeniti relatif pelajar dan waktu agar tercapai apresiasi karya sastera yang kritis. Karya sastera yang diprogramkan dipilih atas dasar struktur dengan tema dasar hubungan kemanusiaan, bentuk, dan modus penyampaian romantik, realistik, komik, tragik, dan ironik dengan arahan pada dimensi pemelajaran: pengembangan, tradisi humanistik, dan bentuk.

Abstract

Literary study in its teaching-learning involved some aspects such as the students, literature’s software and hardware, teacher’s approach and methods. Selection of literary books, teaching-learning’s design and programme must conform with the relative heterogenity of the students and times to achieve the critical literary appreciation. The programmes of literary education and teaching must be selected on the basic of literary structure with its basic humanistic themes, forms, and modes of expression eagerly romantic, realistic, comic, tragic, and ironic with due to the dimensions of teaching-learning: humanis­tic development, humanistic tradition, and form.

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