Sarana Sintesis dan Analitis dalam Tatabahasa Melayu

Natalia F. Alieva

Abstrak

Kepelbagaian imbuhan merupakan salah satu ciri bahasa Melayu. Pengimbuhan bahasa Melayu bersifat aglutinasi, khusus jenis Indonesia. Pengulangan morfem dan perkataan pula memainkan peranan yang produktif dalam perkembangan morfologi, kerana imbuhan aglutinatif digunakan untuk menerbitkan leksem baharu. Dalam makalah ini penulis cuba menunjukkan bahawa pengulangan morfem dan perkataan bukanlah semata-mata ciri bahasa Melayu, malah ciri bahasa Austro­nesia dan bahasa yang digunakan di Indocina.  

Abstract

The diversity of affixes is common in Malay. The Malay affix is the agglutination of Indonesian type. The repetition of morphems and words is vital in the development of morphology as the agglutinated affixes are used in the derivation of new lexemes. In this article, the author shows that the repetitions of morphemes and words are also found in the Austronesian language as well as in the languages spoken in Indochina.

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