Penasalan Vokal dalam Bahasa Melayu Standard dan Dialek Pattani Gerik: Satu Huraian Perbandingan

Tajul Aripin Kassin

Abstrak

Dalam bahasa Melayu standard, proses penasalan vokal hanya berlaku secara progresif (vokal menjadi nasal apabila ia didahului oleh konsonan nasal). Sebaliknya, dalam dialek Pattani Gerik proses penasalan vokal boleh dilihat dalam dua bentuk: Penasalan vokal progresif dan penasalan vokal regresif. Dalam penasalan vokal regresif, vokal menjadi nasal apabila diikuti oleh konsonan nasal yang menduduki posisi akhir kata (suku kata tertutup). Terdapat dua proses fonologi lagi selepas proses penasalan vokal: Konsonan nasal yang menduduki posisi akhir akan mengalami pengguguran apabila vokal di sebelah kirinya terdiri daripada vokal /E/, dan konsonan nasal pada posisi akhir akan mengalami velarisasi apabila vokal di sebelah kirinya terdiri daripada vokal /i, 0, u/.

Abstract

In standard Malay, vowel nasalisation only occurs in progressive form (a vowel undergoes nasalisation when it is preceded by a nasal conso­nant). However, in the Gerik Pattani dialect a process of vowel nasalisation can be seen in two forms: Progressive vowel nasalisation and regressive vowel nasalisation. In regressive vowel nasalisation, vowels in final position (closed syllable) undergo nasalisation when followed by nasal consonants. There are two outcomes after the process of vowel nasalisation: Nasal consonants in final position will undergo deletion when the vowel on their left is vowel /E/, and nasal consonants in the final position will undergo velarisation when the vowels on their left are /i, 0, u/.

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