Pemerolehan Morfologi dan Sintaksis Kanak-Kanak Melayu

Mashudi Kader

Tan Hock Thye

Abstrak

Makalah ini membincangkan pemerolehan morfologi dan sintaksis awal kanak-kanak Melayu dari umur 15-24 bulan. Beberapa anggapan daripada teori pemerolehan bahasa sebagai bahasa pertama telah digunakan sebagai dasar penelitian ujaran kanak-kanak Melayu. Perbincangan tertumpu kepada peringkat yang dilalui oleh kanak-kanak seperti ujaran satu suku kata dua kata, dan peringkat ujaran tiga kata dan akhirnya ujaran yang melebihi tiga kata. Pada setiap peringkat, sifat utama yang muncul ada kaitannya dengan pertumbuhan kognitif kanak-kanak.

Abstract

This article describes the early acquisition of morphology and syntax among the Malay children between 15-24 months old. Several assump­tions on the theory of language acquisition as the first language have been adopted. The discussion focuses on the stages through which the children feel, such as the expression of single syllable, the two words, the three words, and the more than three words. It appears that the existence of the main characteristics in each stage is related to the cognitive development of the children.

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