Teori Semiotik: Tanda bahasa dan Wacana Sastera

Mana Sikana

Abstrak

Semiotik dianggap sebagai teori yang penting dalam wacana bahasa dan sastera. Sejarahnya bermula daripada pemikinin Ferdinand de Saussure dan kemudiannya dikembangkan oleh Charles Sanders Peirce   dalam memahami bahasa dan teks-teks sastera. Dasar utama semiotik ialah aspek signification, signifier dan signified. lnterpretasi dan kognisi semiotik dalam zaman moden mengarah kepada pencarian suatu makna. Pencarian satu makna ini telah berubah pada zaman pascamoden dengan  menyatakan bahawa tanda mempunyai polimakna atau bersifat plural   dan tidak tetap. Dalam dunia penuh dengan tanda-tanda terkini, semiotik sebagai kaedah pemaknaan sangat fungsional dalam wacana pem­bahasaan dan kesusasteraan.

Abstract

Semiotics is considered as an important theory in the discourse of language and literature. The history started from the Ferdinand de Saussure’s thinking and later the idea was further developed by Charles Sanders Peirce in understanding language and literature texts.The fundamentals of semiotic comprise the following aspects. -signified. The interpretation and cognition of semiotics in the modern era tend to direct towards a search for a certain meaning or definition.  The quest for the meaning has brought changes during the postmodern era by stating that a partcular sign has multiple meaning or plural in nature and inconsistent. In the world full with the contemporary-signs, semiotics as a method of interpreting meaning is very functional in the discourse of language and literature.

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