Kesedaran Metafora dan Pengingatan Kosa Kata

Frank Boers

Diterjemahkan oleh  

Masittah Taharin

Abstrak

Pelbagai kata kiasan boleh sahaja digolongkan kepada tema metafora biasa atau sumber bidang. Rencana ini melaporkan tiga uji kaji EFL (English as Foreign Language) yang menunjukkan bahawa pembentukan leksikal bersama-sama (seiring dengan) tema metafora atau sumber mandala boleh memudahkan pengingatan kata-kata kiasan yang tidak biasa. Sehubungan dengan kajian ini, rencana ini menyarankan kegiatan dalam kelas ke arah mengembangkan kesedaran metafora pelajar bahasa dan menjadikannya satu saluran tambahan untuk pemerolehan kosa kata.  

Abstract

Various figurative expressions can often be traced back to a common metaphoric theme or source domain. The present article reports three EFL experiments which indicate that a lexical organization along such metaphoric themes or source domains can facilitate retention of unfa­miliar figurative expressions. In view of these findings, the article pro­poses classroom activities aimed at enhancing language learners’ metaphor awareness and at turning this into an additional channel for vocabulary acquisition.

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