Linguistik Antropologi: Pengaruh Pemikiran Boas (Abstrak dan Rujukan)

Linguistik Antropologi: Pengaruh Pemikiran Boas

Teo Kok Seong


Makalah ini cuba menggalurkan pemikiran Boas, ahli antropologi dan ahli linguistik Amerika yang masyhur pada awal abad ke-20 dan mempunyai pengaruh yang dominan dalam bidang linguistik antropologi semasa dari segi orientasi, skop dan kaedahnya. Pengaruh pemikiran Boas ini ditinjau dalam bidang-bidang yang diceburinya: Antropologi, etnologi dan linguistik.


This article attempts to trace the thoughts of Boas, a renowned Ameri­can anthropologist and linguist of the early 20th century, which exert a dominant influence in the discipline of contemporary anthropologi­cal linguistics in its orientation, scope; and methodology. The influ­ence of Boas‘s thoughts is examined in the subjects undertaken by him: Anthropologv, ethnology and linguistics.


Boas, Franz, 1899. “On Alternating Sounds”, dlm. American Anthropologist 2. HIm. 47-53. Boas, Franz, 191111966. Introduction to the Handbook of American Indian Lan­guages. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Bright. 1. dan Bright, W. 1969. “Semantic Structures in Northwestern California and the Sapir-Whorf Hypotheses”, dlm. Tyler, S. (ed.) Cognitive Anthropol­ogy: Readings. HIm. 66-77 New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Brown, R. dan Lenneberg, E. 1954. “A Study in Language and Cognition” dlm. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 49: Hlm. 454-462.

Carroll, J. dan Casagrande, J. 1958. “The Function of Language Classifications in Behavior” dIm. Maccoby, E., Newcomb, T., dan Hartley, E. (ed.), Readings in Social Psychology. HIm. 18-31 New York: Henry Holt.

Duranti, Alessandro, 1997. Linguistic Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge Uni­versity Press. Foley, William, 1997. Anthropological Linguistics: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. Friedrich, Paul, 1986. The Language Paralla.t: Linguistic Relativism and Poetic Indeterminacy. Austin: University of Texas.

Golla, Victor, (ed.), 1984. “The Sapir-Kroeber Correspondence”. Report No.6. Survey of California and Other Indian Languages. Berkeley: University of California.

Gumperz, John, dan Levinson, Stepehen, (ed), 1996. Rethinking Linguistic Rela­tivity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Harris, Roy dan Taylor, Talbot, 1989. Landmarks in Linguistic Thought: The West ern Tradition from Socrates to Saussure. London: Routledge. Herskovits, Melville, 1949. Man and His Works. New York: Knoft.

Hoijer, Harry, 1964. “Cultural Implications of Some Navaho Linguistic Catego­ries”, dim. Hymes, D., Language in Culture and Society: A Reader in Lin­guistics and Anthropology. HIm. 142-148. New York: Harper and Row.

Humboldt, Wilhelm von, 1836-9/1988. On Language: The Diversity of Human Language-Structure and Its Influence on the Mental Development ofMan­kind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. .

Hymes, Dell, (ed.), 1964. Language in Culture and Society: A Reader in Linguis­tics and Anthropology. New York: Harper and Row.

Hymes, Dell, 1983. Essays in the History of Linguistic Anthroplology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Kroeber, Alfred, 1923/1963. Anthropology: Culture, Patterns, and Processes. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Lenneberg. E. 1953. “Cognition in Ethnolinguistics.” dim. Language 29. Hlm. 463­471.

Lenneberg, E. dan Roberts. J. 1956. The Language of Experience: A Studv in Meth­odology. Indiana University Publications in Anthropology and Linguistics. Memoir 13. Baltimore: Waverly Press.

Lepschy. G.C. 1982. A Survey of Structural Linguistics. New Edition. London: Andre Duetsch.

Lucy, John. 1992a. Grammatical Categories and Cognition: A Case Study of the Linguistic Relativity Hypotheses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lucy. John, 1992b. Language Diversity and Thought: A Reformulation of the Lin­guistic Relativity Hypotheses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mathiot, Madeleine, 1964. “Noun Classes and Folk Taxanomy in Papago”, dlm. Hymes, D., Language in Culture and Society: A Reader in Linguistics and Anthropology. Hlm. 154-161. New York: Harper and Row.

Mathiot, Madeleine, 1969. “The Semantic and Cognitive Domains of Language”. dim. Garvin, P. (ed.), Cognition: A Multiple View. Him. 249-276. New York: Spartan Books.

Silverstein, Michael, 1976. “Shifters, Linguistic Categories. and Cultural Descrip­tion” dlm. Basso, K.,  dan Selby, H. (ed.), Meaning in Anthropology. Hlm. 11-15. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Silverstein, Michael, 1979. “Language Structure and Linguistic Ideology”, dlm. Clyne, P., Hanks, W., dan Hofbauer, C. (ed.). The Elements: A Parasession on Linguistic Units and Levels. Hlm. 193-247. Chicago: Chicago linguis­tics Society.

Silverstein, Michael, 1981. The Limits of Awareness. Working Papers in Socio­linguistics 84. Austin, Texas: Southwestern Educational Laboratory.

Silverstein, Michael, 1985. “Language and the Culture of Gender: At the Intersec­tion of Structure, Usage and Ideology”, dlm. Mertz, E., dan Paramentier, R. (ed.). Semiotic Mediation: Sociocultural and Psychological Perspectives. New. Hlm. 219-260. York: Academic Press.

Silverstein, Michael, 1987. “Cognitive Implications of a Referential Hierarchy”. dim. Hickman, M. (ed.), Social and Functional Approaches to Language and Thought. Hlm. 125-164. New York: Academic Press.

Silverstein, Michael, 1992. “Metapragmatic Discourse and Metapragmatic Func­tion” dlm. Lucy, J. (ed.), Reflexive Language: Reported Speech and Metapragmatics. Hlm. 33-58. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Volume 3 dan 4, 5 dan 6, 7 dan 8. Complete and Unabridged. 1967. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., and The Free Press.

The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Volume 2, 3, 5, 6, 7,9, 10, 19, 20,22, dan 23. edisi ke-15 1995. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.

Teo Kok Seong, 1997. “Linguistik Antropologi: Satu Pengenalan Teoretis”, dlm. Jumal Dewan Bahasa. 41:3 Mac, him. 243-251.

Whorf, Benjamin, 1956. Language, Thought, and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Massachusetts Insti­tute of Technology Press.

(Teks Penuh)

Leave a Comment