Bohong Sunat dalam Lakuan Respons Pujian

(Social Lies in Compliment Response)

Wan Robiah Hj. Meor Osman

mowrobiah@cls.unimas.my

Pusat Pengajian Bahasa,

Universiti Malaysia Sarawak,

94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Tel: +6082-581721

Abstrak

Dalam fenomena berbahasa masyarakat terdapat situasi bohong sosial atau “bohong sunat” yang merupakan salah satu daripada penanda kerendahan diri dalam berkomunikasi. Fenomena ini menjadi kelaziman dalam interaksi masyarakat timur khususnya di Malaysia dengan menyelitkan unsur-unsur bohong sosial agar komunikasi dapat berlangsung dengan baik dan dapat menjaga perasaan pendengar. Kajian ini memanfaatkan 720 respons daripada 60 orang responden yang terdiri daripada pelajar Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) pelbagai kaum yang telah memberikan maklum balas terhadap 12 pujian yang direka bentuk berdasarkan tiga klasifikasi oleh Manes dan Wolfson. Data diperoleh telah dianalisis menggunakan taksonomi respons terhadap pujian oleh Herbert. Kajian ini mendapati bahawa terdapat perbezaan respons pujian antara kaum yang dikaji. Dapatan kajian  menunjukkan bahawa pemahaman bohong sosial dalam masyarakat memberikan variasi yang berbeza-beza berlandaskan latar belakang berbahasa kaum masing-masing. Oleh hal yang demikian, pemerian dapatan ini secara tidak langsung dapat menyerlahkan keunikan respons komunikatif individu bagi melancarkan dan menjayakan komunikasi dalam sesebuah masyarakat.

Kata kunci: bohong sunat (bohong sosial), lakuan respons pujian, pragmatik

Abstract

The social lie or white lie is a common language phenomenon that exists in society. In daily communication, the social lie is an indicator of humility. It has become the norm in interaction in Asia, particularly in Malaysia, in order for communication to be effective and to allow the hearer to save “face”. In this study, 60 UNIMAS students of different social backgrounds were chosen as respondents. They were given a set of questionnaires containing the 12 types of compliment responses gleaned from Manes and Wolfson’s (1981) three groups of compliment responses. From this, a total of 720 responses were successfully collected. The data was then analysed with Herbert’s (1986, 1990) taxonomy of compliment responses. This study found that differences exist in the types of compliment responses within the different ethnic groups. The findings show that an understanding of “social lies” depends on the individual’s language background. Therefore, the findings show the unique communicative responses that help to ensure successful communication.

Keywords: social lies, compliments response, pragmatics

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