Pembentukan Kependekan Kata Nama Melayu

(The Formation of Malay Names Truncation)

Sharifah Raihan Syed Jaafar

s_raihan@ukm.edu.my

Pusat Bahasa dan Linguistik,

Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan,

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,

40360 Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

Tel.: +603-89216540

Abstrak

Makalah ini membincangkan proses morfologi pemendekan kata nama khas Melayu. Kajian ini menggunakan data primer yang dikutip daripada pemerhatian yang dilakukan di sekitar Pusat Pengajian Bahasa dan Linguistik dan juga menerusi laman sosial Facebook. Nama khas yang diperoleh  terdiri daripada nama khas dalam kalangan pelajar. Penelitian berfokus kepada proses pembentukan kata nama pendek yang terhasil daripada kata nama penuh. Analisis dilakukan untuk meneliti proses pembentukan pemendekan kata nama Melayu berdasarkan pendekatan yang dikenali sebagai templat berdasarkan morfem dalam teori prosodi morfologi yang telah dibangunkan dalam teori optimaliti. Dapatan daripada analisis ini dapat menjelaskan bagaimana proses pemendekan disilabik dan monosilabik berlaku dalam bahasa Melayu.

Kata kunci: Melayu, pemendekan kata nama, prosodi morfologi, templat berdasarkan morfem, optimaliti

Abstract

This paper discusses the morphological process of truncation in Malay names. This study uses primary data collected from observations made at the School of Language Studies and Linguistics as well as through the social networking site, Facebook. The names were gathered from students of this school. The research focuses on the process of truncation of full names. The analysis was conducted to investigate the truncation of names based on the approach in prosodic morphology theory called morpheme-based template, which has been developed within the optimality theory. The results of this analysis could explain how the process of disyllabic and monosyllabic truncations occur in Malay.

Keywords: Malay, names truncation, prosodic morphology, morpheme-based-template, optimality

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