Debukalisasi Kata Pinjaman Bahasa Inggeris dalam Dialek Kelantan

(Debuccalisation in English Loanwords in Kelantan Dialect)

Sakinah Nik Muhammad Naziman

sakinah.niknaziman@gmail.com

Sharifah Raihan Syed Jaafar

s_raihan@ukm.edu.my

Mohammad Fadzeli Jaafar

fadzeli@ukm.edu.my

Pusat Pengajian Bahasa dan Linguistik,

Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan,

Universiti Kebangsaan MALAYSIA.

Tel.: +603-89216540.

Abstrak

Makalah ini menganalisis proses debukalisasi yang berlaku apabila perkataan bahasa Inggeris dipinjam oleh dialek Kelantan. Debukalisasi merupakan proses perubahan bunyi apabila sesuatu konsonan itu kehilangan daerah artikulasinya (fitur daerah) yang sebenar dan berubah menjadi [h] atau [/]. Dengan menggunakan data sekunder daripada kajian lepas oleh Shapri (1980) dan analisis berdasarkan tatatingkat kekangan, kata pinjaman Inggeris dalam dialek Kelantan yang mengalami proses fonologi debukalisasi ini akan dibincangkan dalam kajian ini. Hasil analisis mendapati proses ini bukan sahaja berlaku terhadap konsonan /p/, /t/ dan /k/ (glotalisasi) dalam dialek Kelantan seperti /kica// “kicap”, /jahe// “jahit” dan /las// “lasak”, tetapi juga berlaku terhadap beberapa konsonan yang lain seperti /f/, /t/, /b/ dan /g/. Contohnya perkataan /pla// yang dipinjam daripada kata Inggeris “plug”. Daripada permerhatian  didapati proses fonologi debukalisasi yang berlaku terhadap kata pinjaman Inggeris dalam dialek Kelantan hanya berlaku di lingkungan koda akhir kata.

Kata kunci: bahasa Inggeris, teori optimaliti, debukalisasi, kata pinjaman, dialek Kelantan

Abstract

This article aims to analyse the debuccalisation process in English loanwords in Kelantanese dialect. Debuccalisation is a process of sound change whereby a consonant loses its original place of articulation (place feature) and becomes [h] or [/]. From the secondary data obtained from the previous study by Shapri (1980) and constraint-based analysis, English loanwords in the Kelantanese dialect that undergo the phonological process of debuccalisation will be discussed in this present study. The results show that this process not only involves the consonants /p/, /t/ and /k/ in the  Kelantanese dialect, as in /kica// “kicap”, /jahe// “jahit’ and /las// “lasak’, but also other consonants such as /f/, /t/, /b/ dan /g/, as in /pla// “plug’. The observations from the data are that the phonological process of debuccalisation in English loanwords in the Kelantanese dialect only occurs in the coda of a final syllable.

Keywords: English, optimality theory, debuccalisation, loanwords, Kelantanese dialect

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