Kata Kerja Bersiri dalam Bahasa Melayu

Rogayah A. Razak

rogayah@medic.ukm.my

Program Sains Pertuturan

Pusat Pengajian Sains Rehabilitasi

Fakulti Sains Kesihatan

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Norizan Rajak

norizanrajak@yahoo.com

Urbane Ethos Sdn Bhd

Pusat Intervensi Awal Komunikasi

Abstrak

Makalah ini mengupas ciri sintaksis dan jenis binaan kata kerja bersiri dalam bahasa Melayu khususnya yang terdapat dalam dialek Kedah dan dialek Melaka. Kata kerja bersiri dapat didefinisikan secara kasar sebagai struktur yang mempunyai dua atau lebih kata kerja berentetan KK1  KK2 seperti: [FN KK1 (FN2) KK2 (FN3)] tanpa kehadiran sebarang  penanda koordinat atau subordinat secara ketara. Berdasarkan definisi ini enam kategori kata kerja bersiri telah dihasilkan. Sifat kata kerja bersiri juga telah diperincikan. Baker (1989) mengemukakan beberapa jenis kata kerja bersiri yang dapat dianggap sebagai kata kerja bersiri semu khususnya yang berbentuk [FK KK KN KK KN]. Antara kata kerja bersiri yang Baker tidak kategorikan sebagai kata kerja bersiri termasuklah yang berbentuk [FK KK KK KN KPen] seperti kata kerja bersiri gerak. Walau bagaimanapun, makalah ini ingin membuktikan bahawa kata kerja bersiri gerak wujud dalam bahasa Melayu khususnya dalam dialek Melayu Kedah. Tiga ujian diagnostik seperti ujian penafian, ujian pengekstrakan argumen dan ujian intonasi memperlihatkan perbezaan antara kata kerja bersiri yang berbeza tingkah lakunya berbanding dengan kata kerja dalam ayat sematan.

Kata kunci: proses, klausa, nahu fungsional, wacana, lakuan, minda, keadaan, kewujudan

Abstract

This This article will analyse the syntactic properties of Malay and the types of serial verbs in Malay especially those prevalent in the Kedah and Melaka Malay dialects. Serial verbs can be roughly defined as containing two or more verbs in sequence such as the construction: NP V1 (NP2) V2 (NP3) without overt coordination or subordination markers. Based on this definition, six categories of serial verbs are postulated. The characteristics of serial verbs are also described. Baker (1989) discussed the types of serial verbs which are considered as proper serial verbs but which did not include motion serial verbs. Baker (1989) posits a few types of serial verbs which he regards as serial verb proper such as structure  [VP  V  V N Det].  One type of structure, [VP V N V N ]  that exists in Malay is the for example  are an example of those  which Baker did not consider as serial verbs. This article  argues that directional serial verbs are legitimate serial verb constructions in Malay especially in DMK. Three diagnostic tests namely negation, extraction of arguments and  intonation were applied to these serial verbs constructions. They demonstrate the difference in behavior among serial verbs versus the embedded or coordinate clauses.

Keywords: process, clause, functional grammar, active process, mental process, situational process, experiential

RUJUKAN

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