Medusa is one of the last residuals of the earth goddesses, and as such The Medusa Nebula is a planetary nebula in the constellation of Gemini.It is also known as Abell 21 and Sharpless 2-274. They use the symbolism of being unable to look into Medusa’s eyes as a symbol of how many people navigate the modern world. 1. There are many things that have to be figured out in this situation. The second is that because she lost her virginity to Poseidon (and is now pregnant by him) she is technically his wife according to the laws of the day. Her hair of snakes and reptilian skin are symbolic of the natural cycle of Greek women. She appeals to her goddess and asks for help in moving forward. to subjugate Medusa's power to the male order, she is decapitated, and her I was recently asked to provide some more information about medusa worms in one of the forums, and while searching the web to provide some links, I realized that there is very little information out there about the biology and aquarium care of these fascinating animals. In the Metamorphoses, Medusa's When Perseus finally returns from his quest, King Polydectes is astonished to see the young hero alive. They are often formed by budding from polyps, and are usually solitary free-swimming organisms. Because she had allowed herself to be defiled in Athena’s temple, Athena transformed her into the most hideous of all the Gorgons and made her features so terrible to behold that she could instantly turn a man into stone if he were to gaze at her directly. In the first event described, Medusa is portrayed as a beautiful woman in rein. She is generally portrayed as the embodiment of all things feminine, something the earth, as it must slither across its belly, embracing the ground. The classic version of Medusa, however, was something that Freud saw as an Oedipus-type syndrome and the decapitation of the monster was thought to represent castration and fear. She doesn’t know what to do – she had planned on devoting the rest of her life to Athena. birth, death and rebirth. Also, from the command of Perseus, He took great interest in the story of Medusa and what it may symbolize in terms of the psychology of young men. When Poseidon sees Her history is very important in terms of context to what she became and how she impacted history. Many scholarly feminists tend to liken the image of Medusa to society’s attitude towards women of power. There are several variations of the order of the events that come next, but the conclusion is always the same. He is said to have been born with a golden sword in his hand and is known to have gone on to marry Callirrhoe and father Geryon. The reason for this varies. This is likely due in part to Zeus and Athena, who were both known to wear a Gorgoneion. which suggest powerful positions not commonly associated with proper Page twenty of the Daily Prophet was named after the doctor, so they presumably wrote an advice column for the periodical.1 In Greek mythology, Medusa is the name of a Gorgon who turns people into stone. Perseus goes on a quest to behead Medusa using only a shield, an adamantine sickle, winged sandals, magical bag and helmet of invisibility. This would almost seem to trivialize the power of Medusa, suggesting that While the lock of hair itself didn’t have the power to petrify a rival warrior, it would strike a terrible fear into the heart of anyone who had the misfortune of seeing it. He uses these gifts to help him conqueror Medusa. These arrows also have various, unique functions such as being able to bend, ricochet, and pierce targets, while also taking on properties of sharp blades when slashing and cutting. It contains examples of sibilance (a form of alliteration) It uses tricolons, which are groups of three to emphasise emotions. It is said that the blood that came from the left side of her head had the power to take life, while the blood from the right side of her head had the power to resurrect the dead. The character of Medusa changes greatly after Athena punishes her unjustly. This part of Medusa’s story gives clear insight on the gods’ perspective of mortals – they are meaningless pawns in a game that existed before their birth and will continue to go on long after they are gone. Thus, Perseus represents the Greek order and its backing of the gods. ‘Medusa’ is a poem in free verse divided into 8 (mostly) equal stanzas. and usually ends at around the 9th Century. She débuts in the tenth episode of the third season. This symbol was thought to keep evil away from those who invoked its protection by wearing it as a pendant. Medusa was the daughter of Phorcys and Ceto (though some sources claim Gorgon is her father). rival those of Athena (9, also The story of Medusa’s curse is not the main subject of Ovid’s story. —Snow Whitesrc Medusa is a character on ABC's Once Upon a Time. The second to come forth from Medusa’s neck is Chrysaor. control over the natural cycle. From then on, similarly to Euryale and Stheno, her older Gorgon sisters, Medusa was depicted with bronze hands and wings of gold. human women during their creation (7). As Perseus traveled throughout the land significant changes began to happen as the drops of blood from Medusa’s head began to fall. Damage: 300/400/500/600/700 (+100% of your Physical Power) Her "monstrous" form is believed by some scholars to represent a partially-decomposed human skull with teeth beginning to show through the decaying lips. She doesn’t have any sympathy towards Medusa. She is murdered during the There are varying accounts of how Euryale and Stheno became the feared Gorgons we see in literature, though many sources claim that the two sisters were turned into monsters for the perceived ‘crime’ of standing with Medusa instead of being compliant with Athena’s decision to punish her for being ravished in her temple. However, Medusa would not serve as a priestess for long. Instead, it is grouped with the love stories as a single scene in the larger tale of Perseus and Andromeda. "And she's not deadly. it was Athena and Poseidon who inadvertently created the power, rather than a great threat to the power of the Greek male-dominated sky gods. Medusa’s blood is also credited with creating the Amphisbaena – a fearsome creature that resembled a dragon and had a snake’s head on the end of its tail. Another one of Pegasus’ powers is that he is known to have been able to make magical and inspiring fountains and springs come up from the Earth whenever he struck his hooves against the ground. Her hair of snakes and reptilian skin are symbolic of the natural cycle of birth, death and rebirth. military strength and strikes fear in any opponents to Athena's will. 3. It was after the Gorgon sisters were wrongfully punished by Athena that their horrific transformation really began. to Lake Tritonis and pestered the locals, until Perseus killed her. Last, though certainly not least, many see the story of Medusa as a reminder of the many dynamics that come into play when the greater forces of the world (in this case, the gods of Mount Olympus) are at work. Others claim that she remained steadfast in her devotion to Athena. Medusa also means ruler or queen, and possibly guardian, terms continuing the duality of death and rebirth. Thus, his mother is saved by the protective powers of Medusa. However, while the creation exhibits all these physical characteristics of … to the myth of Medusa. She vowed to be celibate her entire life as a priestess of Athena until she fell in love with Poseidon. She wears … Because her head was placed on Athena’s shield (the Aegis) and her blood was revealed to hold the power of both life and death, Medusa’s head became a symbol of protection. If you were to look into her eyes, she would turn you into stone. However, she is also reclusive and does not leave her island often. head is used to further buttress the dominion of the male over the The gods give him gifts to help him on his journey. … Cnidarians have two distinct body plans, the medusa (a) and the polyp (b). control of his manhood and ensures the silence of feminine wile. diminished and she is able to give birth to Pegasus and Chrysaor, Poseidon's Soon after Medusa became a priestess for Athena, she caught the eye of Poseidon. As a result of t… cycle and in harmony with the worlds of earth and sky. He then sneaks onto the island of Sapharose and beheads Medusa while she sleeps by using Athena’s mirrored shield to guide his movements so that he does not have to look at Medusa directly. by the gods as a punishment on men (7). Throughout time, the story of Medusa has gone on to inspire many great thinkers and artists. (1). attracting the lusty god of the sea, for as a female that is inherent in While Medusa is known to be one of the most famous monsters in Greek mythology, there is relatively little that is recorded of her existence before she was beheaded by Perseus. control of both life and death. He took her to a town's temple for Athena. Although Medusa was a devout priestess to Athena, she was not protected from being violated by Poseidon and is unjustly punished for a situation she had no control over. He tries to sneak off the island, but Medusa’s body is discovered by her sisters before he can leave. woman from the Libyan desert. Medusa has sometimes appeared as representing notions of scientific determinism and nihilism, especially in contrast with romantic idealism. The Gorgon Medusa. While Medusa was wrongfully punished by Athena and forced to live the rest of her life as a terrible monster, she experiences some redemption in death. He holds the head up to Atlas’ gaze – who is immediately transformed into a mountain. However, unlike her other sisters (Sthenno and Euryale), Medusa was a mortal and therefore vulnerable to the perils of the human world. These children burst from her neck in a gout of blood, symbolic Perseus asked the Titan to allow him to rest, but Atlas refused and tried to attack him. She is instead a symbol of Athena's fierce which must be mastered by Greek civilization. her nature (7). to cause impotence or castration of the male, symbolized by turning the To understand Medusa’s transformation, it is important to first understand where she came from. It was conjectured that this woman wandered Notes: Deals 225/300/375/450/525 (+75% of your Physical Power) to enemies facing away. While the versions are different, they have the same outcome; Perseus is ordered by King Polydectes to bring back the head of Medusa. Though her life itself may not have been given much consideration in ancient records, the many things that came from her death would go on to impact ancient mythology in countless ways. Medusa was a character that fascinated the ancient Greeks, and then later the Romans. This is one of the first instances that Medusa’s powers have been used to show the protective nature of the Gorgons. Medusa, in Greek mythology, the most famous of the monster figures known as Gorgons. the great Atlas is turned into a mountain teaming with plant life, This is the power over all life, the ability to return As he flies over Libya, each drop of blood that falls to the ground transforms into a venomous viper. dealt with, as she is frequently the representative of Greek masculine This story was probably male to stone with just a glimpse. It is packed with rhymes and half rhymes which gives the poem an almost musical flow. intelligent but to be distrusted in all things. In this more personal meeting between Medusa and Perseus, Medusa's power Medusa, a … Lastly – but perhaps most interestingly – the blood of the famous Gorgon is thought to have been the reason that the corals of the Red Sea were formed. Dr Medusa was a witch or wizard. beneath, an unceasing natural cycle. The symbol features the head of Medusa surrounded by three bent running legs, and three stalks of wheat. night by Perseus, a subtle act of the male control over metis. Medusa was a monster, a Gorgon, generally described as a winged human female with a hideous face and living venomous snakes in place of hair in Greek … Medusa was born a beautiful mortal woman with long flowing hair. Narrow Staircase Stair Lift. It was a great compliment for Medusa to pledge her loyalty to Athena because of her great beauty – especially since one of the requirements to be a temple priestess was to remain a virgin. intimated in 4). They argue that any woman who has recognizable power – especially power over men – is immediately criminalized and turned into a monster. The first is that Medusa is no longer a virgin – though she was deflowered against her will. of menstruation and Medusa's power over the cycles. Regardless of which version is told, Medusa decides not to leave Athena’s temple because of her devotion. She was born on an island named Sarpedon – which is thought to be somewhere in the general area of Cisthene – and was known to have been one of the Gorgon sisters. a male role leading an army against Perseus While flying through Ethiopia, Perseus spies the young Princess Andromeda tied to a rock as a sacrifice to the sea monster Cetus. Their anger for being wrongfully punished made them turn against the mortals of the world in spite – they would all go on to kill many men, though Stheno would be the most vengeful of the three. Poets claimed that she had a great boar-like tusk and tongue lolling between her fanged teeth. Some versions claim that Medusa was swayed by Poseidon’s advances and developed feelings for him as well. Nihilism. Each is produced by a special cell called a cnidoblast and contains a … Among the many historical figures to become fascinated with Medusa’s story was Sigmund Freud. Medusa, the Gorgon. Medusa was one of the Gorgon sisters, though unlike Euryale and Stheno she was a mortal. Now that she has been transformed, there are many men that come to the island – no longer as suitors, but as hunters looking to behead her. Poseidon was bitter at Athena for recently turning his beloved Koroneis into a raven, so he decided to get back at her by becoming obsessed with the beautiful girl. The mythological monster Medusa, her sisters, and the other Gorgons, have been featured in art and culture from the days of ancient Greece to present day. A fearsome creature. Her snakes al… justice (as seen in Aeschylus's Oresteia). children. Medusa, Monstrosity, and the Patriarchy. Persus cleverly and swiftly maneuvers the spell of the Gorgons and beheads Medusa using his magical tools instead of brute strength. Most of what we know of Medusa comes from her short time serving in Athena’s temple and the way in which her head was used after she was beheaded by Perseus. Because of this, Libya is still full of poisonous vipers to this day. has been completely insinuated into Zeus's pantheon. He believed that the viewing of a woman’s genitals (especially a mother’s genitals) in their adult state would have posed a real terror for young men and thought that the story of Medusa could have been created to symbolize this idea. evil and twisted. From Athena he receives a mirrored shield. Finally, a lock of her hair was cut off and put in a jar. Ceto and Phorcys’ offspring included Echidna (mother of all monsters), the Gorgons, the Graeae (‘the grey withes’ – three sisters best known for sharing one eye amongst themselves), and Ladon (a dragon that guarded the golden apples in the Garden of the Hesperides). Medusa is a powerful creature, whether in myth or historical conjurings. cycle of menstruation, which was believed to be synchronized with the cycles Fact 18: Many actors have played the role of Medusa over the years. This is when Poseidon decides to ravage Medusa in Athena’s temple. She has an excess of makeup, sagging breasts, green eyes with artificial eyelashes, and wild, fiery red hair to suit her fiery personality. The mesoglea layer of the medusa body wall is thick and jelly-like. Nematocyst, minute, elongated, or spherical capsule produced exclusively by members of the phylum Cnidaria (e.g., jellyfish, corals, sea anemones). Apollodorus writes of possible historical events which could have led As years go by, she becomes more and more vicious and vengeful. Snakes are used due to their shedding of skin, their rebirth to a new skin. She went against her vow and married him. Medusa's wings symbolize the sky, the freedom and mastery over worlds, With the removal of Medusa's head, all threats to the Greek male order are The maiden turned monster has inspired many great works of art and philosophy – and has experienced a reemergence in popularity in modern day. Snakes are used due to their shedding of skin, She débuts, with her appearance in around 700 B.C. originated after the story of Perseus, in order to further legitimate the She wears a red, shoulder-baring dress and pink high heels, and was … The decapitated head of Medusa continues to retain its power, manifesting A priestess of Athena. This attitude probably stems from the Greek belief that women were created Loyal and devout in action, but Poseidon was determined to make her his own. So, I decided that I would take this opportunity to write a column about one of my favorite critters to … Medusa was a temptress among the gods, and Poseidon had impregnated the mortal while in the temple of Athena. its multiple breasts and large litters. Freud hypothesized that the myth could symbolize the reaction of a young boy who has, up until a certain point in time, refused to entertain the idea of castration as a real possibility. It was originally discovered in 1955 by University of California, Los Angeles astronomer George O. Abell, who classified it as an old planetary nebula. credited to mean many things. This matches well with For this atrocity to her temple, Athena punishes Medusa, a testament to undead sight causes sea plants to harden above the water, retaining life Lastly, from Hades he receives a helm of invisibility. She appeals to Athena and asks that the goddess give her wisdom and advice in how to move forward. Medusa is a woman with a fairly average physical build, and a large, black, dotted snake tattoo winding down either arm. From Hephaestus (the god of blacksmiths and metal workers) he receives a sword. degree of the power of the Greek male civilization over the female power. Her fondness of Athena was reciprocated for a time. With the mounting of Medusa's head upon Athena's aegis, Medusa's power Medusa's ability to turn men into stone is an important facet of her You only have to look at the Medusa straight on to see her," writes Cixous. Athena is enraged that her temple has been desecrated – especially because it had been defiled by her rival, Poseidon. It was then that Pegasus was instructed to carry the lightning and thunderbolts on behalf of the Olympians. From Hermes he receives winged sandals. Eventually, Medusa was known to have been transformed into a beast that would be feared by all because she was considered responsible for the desecration of Athena’s temple. feminine power. Using these gifts he travels and gathers information that is vital to his quest. As such she posed This presented Poseidon with a unique opportunity – he would be able to pursue Medusa as a love interest and assert his superiority as a more powerful deity. Well there would be two one before the "transformation" and after before: she was beautiful after: she had snakes for hait she looked like a snake with … He is able to escape unseen thanks to his helm of invisibility. They have nematocysts, which are characteristic of the phylum. Her sisters (Stheno and Euryale) are also transformed. Medusa praying in Athena's temple, he is smitten and he ravishes her there. Writhing snakes were … Freud compared Medusa as a fair maiden to the image of a mother in the eyes of the innocent before a young boy had seen adult female genitals. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film) (Mentioned only) List of articles Known Personnel Editor-in-chief: Barnabas CuffeSecurity … Even these vague historical events speak to some life back to the earth from which it came. Direct Attack Spells (直接攻撃魔法, Chokusetsu Kōgeki Mahō): Medusa's signature magic skill, this allows her to control of the 1,000 \"snakes\" within her body, in which take the appearance of angular vectors, in which she claims will allow no \"prey\" coming close to ever get away. One of the most dangerous creatures in all of Greece. (1), Medusa is merely a wild It was the fairness of her features, the golden of her hair, that attracted the Sea God. be reigned in by the patriarchal Greek gods, for it represents a total Animals in this phylum display two distinct morphological body plans: polyp or “stalk” and medusa or “bell” (Figure 2). After being violated by Poseidon, Medusa is devastated. It was known to show great power and was even thought to imply divine lineage or protection. In fact, her head went on to inspire one of the most powerful talisman of it’s time – the Gorgoneion. over men is not just power over life and death, but the power of female her continuing support of the male hierarchy. He was also known to have ruled as king of Iberia. Her mother, Ceto, was also a primordial sea goddess. Her sisters (Stheno and Euryale) are also transformed. Pegasus was a winged stallion that was pure white and powerful in nature. In some variations her face is disfigured with a beard and fangs (other versions do not tell of this disfigurement) and finally, her hair is transformed into venomous nest of snakes. Feminists also like to point to the conditions of Medusa’s descent into the monster world as a criminalization of rape victims that is also typical of modern society. Together, they were known to have birthed some of the most fearsome creatures in Greek mythology. Upon his birth from the beheading of Medusa, he is said to have ascended to the heavens where he was greeted by Zeus. Ovid suggests that Medusa was once a beautiful woman, whose charms could Though Medusa was known to be a desirable young maiden, she decided to pledge herself to Athena – the goddess she considered to be the most powerful of all those who resided on Mount Olympus. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Medusa by Carol Ann Duffy The poem Medusa explores the theme of jealousy and anger; the poet illustrates this using the extended metaphor of a Greek mythological creature Medusa, whose story describes her as a beautiful maiden that is turned into a … Stories claim she was beautiful once. I remember reading the story of Medusa, or at least one version of it, in my father’s edition of Bullfinch’s Mythology when I was a child.I glanced over the story again when studying Ovid’s Metamorphoses in Classics at school.But as will be the case with many of my … It is fitting that Athena is said to have wished this wild woman to be Perseus and Medusa have a complex relationship in Apollodorus's myth. They undergo alternation of generations, with the medusa form being In Medusa’s view this is a proud 219, which can be reduced by 15% to 187 by a Hel rune or a suitable jewel, which I strongly recommend. One of the most popular monsters of Greek Mythology, Medusa was a beautiful maiden with golden hair. If you get strength from the rest of your equipment, you will of course have to invest correspondingly fewer points directly. Until the early 1970s, the nebula was thought to be a supernova remnant. Medusa being born into the power of her own right. metis, meaning feminine wile, an aspect which the male gods The Gorgoneion was an amulet that bore the head of a Gorgon. By beheading Medusa, Perseus regains Medusa could have been a very prototypical goddess of a matriarchal society. The real story of Medusa may not be what you think it is. Enemy gods that are killed during Medusa's gaze will turn to a stone statue and remain behind as a reminder to others. They would put small Medusa heads on buildings and doors as a way to try to keep scary things away. Her androgynous features were increasingly feminized: Moustache stubble was replaced by smooth cheeks, fangs concealed by shapely lips. In some variations her face is disfigured with a beard and fangs (other versions do not tell of this disfigurement) and finally, her hair is transformed into venomous nest of snakes. The Medusa does this as follows: Strength – enough to carry the equipment. The boar tusks She was usually represented as a winged female creature having a head of hair consisting of snakes; unlike the Gorgons, she was sometimes represented as very beautiful. Medusa could have been a very prototypical goddess of a matriarchal society. destructive and wily female. Andromeda is being sacrificed as a punishment to Cassiopeia (her mother), who was foolish enough to boast that her daughter was more beautiful than the Nereids. Her facial features consist of eyes containing yellow irises with black pupils, and blonde hair arranged in a spiked style, with two long strands extending downwards framing either side of her face, that entwine each other like a caduceus' snake to rest upon her chest. 1 History 2 Magical Abilities 3 Trivia 4 Appearances 5 References Medusa … See Article History. The sisters are enraged, but unable to do anything but mourn. They have radial symmetry and are diploblastic, meaning that their body wall consists of the outer epidermis (ectoderm) and the inner gastrodermis (endoderm), which are separated by mesoglea. There are several variations with what happened next. Modern day feminists have also taken a stance on the symbolism that surrounds Medusa. the transition between the worlds of earth and sky. of the moon and tide. 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