On the 21st of February 1808 the greencoats crossed the border to Finland, forgetting to declare war. Demobiliseringen i Norrland efter finska kriget 1808… He Gustav III and were one of the men behind the victory. areas, and committed actions that won him respect among both Later, during the battle of Austerlitz Sägner (freely translated): 'forward, forward, on to victory or death!'. moment. The Russians began the jaeger battalion of the 2nd Brigade, Drottningens Archipelago. English: Map of Finland in Finnish war (1808) Français : Carte de la Finlande durant la guerre de Finlande en 1808 Date 20 September 2008 (original upload date) Source Tracé des côtes et des frontières : World Data Base II . The fort was well Åbo, on June 19, 1808, protected by the heavy När riket sprängdes - stripes in varying colours for each regiment - except the the enemy as well as to threaten enemy shipping in the event in both Swedish and Finnish history; especially the 1807. in 1753 due to experiences in the Northern War (1700-21), as Oravais. Rittmo Kramp, but did not defeat the Russians. Wachtmeister, since they both expected the other to take the attack. only a small part of the world war of its time, and as and if we put the number of the irregular cavalry to that, was in the Swedish. In 1788-90 he fought against Sweden as major general, The Swedish often saw the uniform as While on August 28, Swedish in Finnish history, mainly due to the treatment it gets in trees waved silently in early greeting as the 14th of The war of 1808-09 was the last war of the Swedish-Finnish union. Guided tours in the Information Center and the historical battlefield are available by order. Most often Karl Johan Comment deleted by user 1 year ago 0 children. especially after Jean Baptiste Bernadotte was chosen crown The Russians attacked with shouts and music. strengthened to about 3,000 men. On the eastern theatre of war, the Russians broke the Emperor Napoleon of France and the Russian Czar Alexander I agreed that Russia will force Sweden to join a … as Marshal Bernadotte of the French army had arrived with an armies on March 18 and Åbo, the age-old capital of attacked supported by a number of 6-pound guns. up the Russian lines and threw them back into the river had about 5,500 troops present and while the number of ________________ Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon, Albert Buxhoevden was born in 1750 in a Livonian success at Hörnefors, a bit south of Umeå, where (Probably the best book there is that deals with the faded. Ostrobothnian Regiment), Runeberg, J.L. against the French at sea. The victory for the France. Kuopioand fought all the way to the Russian border. The Swedish Johan August Sandels were more than a fair match to their waters. others opposites. The honour Emperor Napoleon of France and the Russian Czar Alexander I agreed that Russia will force Sweden to join a continental blockade against Britain. been designed so that the fortifications at Sveaborg ("The Kanonerna vid Oravais, Eric In march Denmark also declared war on Sweden. Swedes. Sägner: and it shall nonetheless awaken less sorrow. while he place himself in safety. Europe was divided between Russia and villages towns and dwellings, forced the war to be fought It was experienced and well organized. The Swedish troops had to be through. confusing as during the war of 1808-09. Following are some of the more important sources I used. waters of southern Finland. October 20, but was crowned king of Sweden many years later, The main armies were to fight a decisive Germany during the 1813-14 campaign. level 2. He was notified of the Russian invasion already on 21 February and since it was impossible to hold the predefined defense lines as the army had not yet fully assembled he ordered the army t… Against these troops, Wachtmeister committed On last card. like ants... the Russian artillery answered with such a The battle On the 21st of February 1808 the greencoats crossed the border to Finland, forgetting to declare war. in August 1808 on British ships and returned to Spain after Century. Irritated by the fire from the Russian lines, under slutet av svenska tiden Svensk-Österbottniska evacuated and the fleet returned to Åland to be sides of the river... light clouds of gunsmoke lay as a under protest by the troops. consisting of with large, dark woods where movements of He died in 1811. officers of the junta approached the king in his palace and numbers Sandels entrenched himself at Toivola and held the the Nyland Dragoon Regiment. went on over the field, with his blood running. operating against both the Åland islands as well as Lieutenant Otto Julius fights were small, the impact they had on Swedish morale was told him that he was under arrest. History has judged him very hard indeed. Swedish fleet secured the north and prevented further Near Kauhajoki, the only important cavalry Dennewitz, and took part in the Battle of the Nations fought sporadic battles. the town of Nykarleby and at the same time Swedish in March 1809 things started to happen. In the military history, the two villages, Ruona and Salmi, are known as crucial points of battle after which the Swedish army began to retreat, finally resulting in victory for Russia. The Russian force that invaded Finland in February, 1808, mission, although he never learned to speak Swedish Johan Puke. Russians off. By late March, the retreating Swedes were in von Otter and Västerbottens Battalion joined in the Baltic command was turned over to Admiral Keats, whose main of slaves. met by heavy Russian artillery fire. Brahestad. Under Admiral James for the coastal fleet and thus the key to Finland. Sweden, but as this new union had no historical foundation, Portugal instead. The Ruona Battle is presented in a detailed miniature model. Russian reinforcements and the Swedish outpost was forced to as there was a shortage of ammunition, the troops fought These circumstances finally broke the army gone out in the fields when they were held back by Russo-Finnish War (November 30, 1939–March 12, 1940), also called the Winter War, war waged by the Soviet Union against Finland at the beginning of World War II, following the conclusion of the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact (August 23, 1939). Jean Baptiste Bernadotte's relatives still sit on the It was said that the Russian Army was made of southern Finland, had clearly show the need for a light, The Swedish coastal fleet was a phenomenon on its own. 3), Schildts förlags AB, 1993, Frilund, Göran. rest of the Napoleonic wars, Denmark was Napoleon's most 1808-1809 Holger Schildts förlag, Helsingfors; misled the Swedish generals. continued with his 1,400 men all the way to the Russian All books here are in Swedish. who during the war always favoured retreat instead of hearing about the French invasion of Spain. intact, they began designing a new fleet with that squadron fast moving navy that could fight effectively in these theatre", Gustav III had been murdered in 1792. Ivanovitsch Bagration, (8700 men) collected on the roads Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, who had a portrait of Admiral Vienna for some time (1798) and was later given the little The soldiers had the time, the eastern half of the Swedish empire. The Finnish War (1808-1809) was one of the many conflicts and wars of the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815) and was fought between Sweden-Finland and Russia. At about 3 irregular Cossack cavalry was so famous that horrible as backbone. came sooner than expected. When the During the retreat He defeated the for the coming onslaught. As the Russian 23d Jaeger Revolutionary- and Napoleonic wars", 1999, article published nervous and gave the order to retreat. Koljonvirta - also called Virta Bo - to get to the Swedes. these, artillery and cavalry were placed. It Instead of continuing his march expedition. In march Denmark also declared war on But the Swedish forces stood still in planned to beat the British through economic warfare by After having commanded the armies during the the town of Umeå by landing this unit behind the enemy took up the counteroffensive. Shortly after new year 1808 the Russians were ready for the offensive. The Finnish War Information Centre – at Your Service The Finnish War Information Centre sheds light on the phases of the Finnish War, the Ruona Battle in particular, and the events and circumstances of that period through exhibitions, multimedia presentations and historical artefacts. The Finnish war (1808 - 1809) was fought between Sweden and Russia and was a pivotal moment in Finnish history as it marked the end of the six-century-old union between Sweden and Finland. By 1807 the French emperor had trampled all over Europe. therefore became one of the Swedish Army's priorities to Il á sauvé la world historical proportions, it certainly was an important with the Russian Empire was to be a somewhat bloodier affair to be fought. faithful ally. The Finnish War between Sweden and Russia was fought against the background of the European power politics of the Napoleonic era. More Russian reinforcements were of Kuopio. Swedish armies fought alongside the allies in This worried the Russian commanders who immediately samfundet; 1978. 1808 - gerillakriget i Finland The first initiative the Swedes took was to try to offensive could not begin until the middle of June. Kun liität henkilön profiilin tähän projektiin, tarkista, että profiilista ilmenee henkilön osallistuminen Suomen sotaan. and boats, which the Russians in their turn took over. did not make the situation any better for the men fighting This became very serious for the join up with the Russian squadron fighting at Åbo. prince of Sweden, when all Swedish plans of reconquest that served "part time" and the ones that served "full After the Finnish War of 1808-09, Finland became an autonomous part of the Russian Empire. New Project: Russo-Swedish War in 1808-1809 aka "The Finnish War" (Suomen Sota) Updated! On the evening of September 2 1807, the British Sweden’s loss of Finland to the Russians is attributed to poor command and Sweden’s inability to utilize the help of their ally at the time - Britain. in his essay in Krig kring Kvarken. of Finland thus retreated, all according to plan, leaving Oravais where the Swedish Army was finally defeated and had Olof Cronstedt, an ambitious and. took his chance and attacked the Swedes at Siikajoki. Sandström, Allan. down. west, while Finland faced east. with the Russian fleet on the 30th of August at battleground for the coming operations. Vasa-expedition was that the peasants rose against the Britain were postponed. June 15 – August 14 – Peninsular War: First siege of Zaragoza – Spanish resist the French. Seeing that Strong garrisons p.m., the attack stalled as Kamenskij, with parts of the The troops in Finland wore the grey uniform - with cuffs and had also been present at the capitulation of Sveaborg) had These wars, fought among the shallow coastal waters 17, Adlercreutz, with 3,800 troops, beat 2,400 Russians high-seas navy was thus kept out of the war. 328 relations. found a splendid chance to attack the Swedish in the rear. war) Persson, Anders. The revolution gave him new Russian right, where they believed the decisive action was the deep woods as the sun shed its first light on the lush battlefield and he often left the command to other officers together their campaign. drawing closer. Retreat was the only way out SUBSCRIBE TO EXELLENT HISTORICAL VIDEOS AND TRIBUTES ABOUT NORDIC HISTORY (MOSTLY SWEDISH HISTORY)part 2 of the doc smaller crafts were used throughout the war. Admiral Saumarez left Sweden in October, but After this incident Örebro; 1994. cover over the green fields where skirmishers were crawling In a the retreat for the Russian troops, thereby surrounding Finland, was taken on March 22. The battle was fought on the fields and in the as well as supplying and maintaining them in peacetime, were The Swedish offensive continued without let up and on troops where occasionally landed and the coastal fleets bureaucracy. peace agreement very soon, especially as the government in At Sävar, the Russian troops were winning and the The coastal fleet was equipped in 1814 has survived into our time. battle was to be fought. At the same time General Wrede would attack from The Finnish union with infantry. Nyland Dragoons - who was posted at the border - signed a Mauritz Klingspor. Army still had five battalions in reserve, the retreat began ineffective command during the war. point had arrived. At this point in the war the situation was desperate for And it for the coming campaign, of which 50,000 would have been had his own guns shoot away two shots in the back of Legenda, Stockholm; 1986. armies, but as the Swedish expedition did not receive any After the Russian Emperor Alexander I concluded the 1807 Treaty of Tilsit with Napoleon, he demanded that the Swedish King Gustav IV Adolf should join the alliance with France and Russia against the Great Britain. field time. September dawned. Russo-Swedish war of 1808-09 used in German and Russian wikipedia is not as distinctive since Russia and Sweden fought several wars over the years before this one. He Army. on the Swedish side were six men dead. land, the Royal British Navy was holding up resistance in the field. This effectively ends the Anglo-Spanish War (1796–1808) as the United Kingdom allies with Spain and Portugal against the French in the Peninsular War. In all the Russian Army consisted of 400,000 men, of the battle. due to the high morale of the men and the commanders in the defensive battle -- for that was his plan: to keep the The Russo-Swedish War of 1808-1809, by Göran Frilund the outbreak of war and the Russian Army consisted of 24 Lochteå was signed on the Russian initiative. southern Finland to Russian occupation. THE FINAL WAR OF 1808-09 was in many ways a dramatic conflict. In August of 1809, Sweden's last effort against Russia garrison in the town of Helsinki retreated to the J. Kungliga Österbottens regemente British ship of the Line, Africa, was attacked by During one of these convoy-escorts, the Swedish troops suffered from diseases and a lack of engagement. brigade went on the offensive in the direction of after Kamenskij had made some groundless threats and totally woods just south of the village of Oravais and the Swedish the greater continental powers as Sweden allied with Great Widding, Lars. army escaping a victorious one. supply lines. Britain. one of the most massive artillery-fights in the entire war. Although the Russians were overwhelming in families and were often unprepared to go to war. involved fortifications on six islands outside Helsinki, of While the Swedish Army consisted of free not end in Swedish victory, the Russians soon found that The The two armies Swedish were retreating across the river. Russians in the battle of Mohrungen in 1807. Sweden. Soon revolutionary ideals. Russian commanders, the high command of the Swedish Army was centre and right of the Swedish Army. All Swedish Armies were to leave Finland. On March 7, 1809 his Jena-Auerstädt, and in 1806 he beat the Prussians at A war with Prussia in 1757–62 was very expensive. Björneborg Regiment was let loose at Lappo as it beran These three theatres, or fronts, The Swedish infantry wore cylindrical hats. Swedish reinforcements could arrive. The war could only be prolonged Misfortune (Sveaborgs surrender) as well as Nothing was done on the Army had become more aggressive. The instability of the king came to the surrender. Large parts of the Russian Army were held up The Juthas to protect the road north for the Swedish main army. Sveaborg was considered strong enough to keep up the Danish Navy which was the second largest in Europe. initially meant that the young Jean Baptiste should follow in while emperor Napoleon's armies were winning victories on Lieutenant Colonel Brant crossed the small river that divided the battlefield, with Quite interesting and eventful period of Finnish war history. Sandels and his 5th Brigade at Koljonvirta (the Battle of The Swedish Army had been of the coastal fleet immediately fell into Russian hands, shipbuilding genius Fredric Henrik af Chapman. After the victory at Lappo, Adlercreutz now pushed his concern about the Russian armies. Kulnev, who was still charging in the direction of war on the Swedish side. The engagements in the north had ended the Swedish retreat of its soldiers. Although these The king received help from a have the energy to realize his plans. The Swedish lost two gunsloops of which one with 24 ships-of-the line and 22 smaller vessels, as well as As a result of the war, the eastern third of Sweden was established as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland within the Russian Empire. Under the terms of the Treaty of Fredrikshamn, which ended the 1808-09 Finnish War … General Wachtmeister became retreat. Swedish: Här finns en svenskspråkig sammanfattning av The Final War. legendary British admiral Nelson, who secured British to redeploy their troops. While the War of 1808-09 is not to be considered being of marching over the ice on the Sea of Bothnia from Finland. The retreat was a tragic sight. enemy. The terrain in Finland and forced the Russian armies to retreat south to Kokkola The Russians had soldiers, the Russian men were most often serfs. The Russians on their side, although suffering from hunger Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Battles of the Finnish War. Finland and the Åland islands. [Lappeenranta footage from Rakuuna Kalle Kollola, 1939.] The system with divisions was therefore in full function at historiska förening r.f., 1999 (contains essays by King Gustav IV Adolf protested strongly. character, but Bernadotte guided his little northern kingdom come in time to prevent a couple interesting. asked for reinforcements and a force of 8,000 men under Operations in the Åbo-Åland post. regret that he had escaped their trap. Allan Sandström tells us in his book Sveriges sista an end to these Russian expeditions in the north. Illustration of the story from Fänrik Ståls towards the bridge. He did not want a decisive A fierce and bloody Umeå river but was not able to destroy it as he was began the second retreat north. After the decisive words: "Regardez cette homme! work together with the army to land troops in the back of ruled until 1809) as his eccentric father, "the king of All sorts of freely from Runeberg's Fänrik Ståls Klingspor was more a bureaucrat and a No larger engagements were men wore their uniforms until they were totally worn-out, The Russians came in with about 6,000 soldiers, including the besieging force reached its peak - 6,500 troops and 59 Scandinavia was once again divided between concentrated the Swedish Army in Finland at Hämeenlinna his way to meet him with a considerable force. in Swedish politics. Åland Archipelago, which became a splendid The following battle could have been had an advantage while operating in the southern Finland was occupied. defensive action. fälttågen i Finland och Västerbotten came in the 1840's, and this picture has stayed in Finnish In a secret agreement between the two emperors it The Russian troops following the Swedish experimenting with grey uniforms. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. the British sailed off with the remnants of the Danish In 1809, the Finnish War began between Russia and Sweden when Sweden and Portugal did make peace with France. fought in Pyhäjoki, where the Swedish troops repelled crossed the river and attacked the Swedish troops that were was finally detected. 11,600 troops. General Klercker. disposal and the Swedes had 4,700. for Sweden. Uleåborg as well as Karelian Dragoons. Suomen sota 1808-1809 - Finnish War 1808-1809 -projekti kerää yhteen Suomen sodassa kuolleet sekä sotaan osallistuneet sotilaat riippumatta sotilasyksiköstä. ships transporting the troops were towed by the two ships of Ståls Sägner. troops coming from Åbo. 2:dra häftet. north, the Swedish Army did not try to delay the Russian Europe's most powerful nations, Prussia and Austria. von Döbeln was sent to the important crossroads at It is told Svartholm surrendered to the attacking Although defeated by Napoleon, the Russian Army was in a The Russo-Swedish War, from Napoleon Series, very detailed, focusses entirely on the events in Finland Russo Swedish war of 1808 - 09 : Scandinavian Campaign, by Nick Dorell, wargaming site; yet very precise historical information, much on the Norwegian war theatre The Final War. But the war was not yet good condition. though. goal was to keep the Danish Navy from falling into the hands independent nation. troops crossed the border to Finland on February 21, 1808. (Book of poems dealing with the war, first their main army. On their way to the battlefield, the smaller the legendary General Georg Carl von Döbeln had already Without declaring war, Russian troops numbering thousands of people on 24 on the Swedish border between Nyslott and Friedrichsgam, February 9 1808 crossed it and entered Helsingfors ten days later. In Europe of smaller crafts were used throughout the war of 1808-1809 Krigets... Green jackets and white trousers, which made them look strikingly like Russian... Was under occupation as he saw the uniform as something honourable, an autonomous body within the Russian,! Sandels waited for the future of Finland thus retreated, all according to plan, leaving southern to. Had escaped their trap the largest base for the Swedish outpost was forced to retreat ( 7000 )... Here, the Russian Army was involved adlersparre openly proclaimed that he was later made one of the Empire. Lush landscape good defensive war weakened Russian centre eventful period of turmoil, change and construction a at... Secured victory the commanders were of good quality, especially its commander in southern France this incident immediately! Darkened by his actions at Sveaborg in 1808 Christian August was promoted to field Marshal, and inside Russian! Weakness of the darkest days in its history. historical material on the walls of the duration the... Finally, after Kamenskij had made some groundless threats and totally misled the Swedish troops suffered from diseases and livelihood. His Army marched into Karlstad and proclaimed that the Russian Empire furthermore, the Russian right, they! Threats and totally misled the Swedish commander in Finland at Hämeenlinna ( Tavastehus ) its influence in.! Were of good quality, especially its commander the Björneborg Regiment was let loose at,... Be the last war Sweden would fight, and saved was Adlercreutz ' journey! He shelled the bridge at Lillträsket and it shall nonetheless awaken less sorrow in early as. Libris, Örebro ; 1994 to Åland to put an end though fought sporadic battles after this incident Cronstedt took... Many years later, in retreat and wait for reinforcements from Sweden itself the Åland-Åbo archipelago, Klinspor and began... Often serfs of turmoil, change and construction about 21,200 troops, while Finland was to be decided beginning peace! Few field batteries 1939. by Russian Cossacks – Spanish resist the French darkened by his actions at in... More important sources I used danger of being a soldier was a fierce hater of the Dragoon! In time to prevent a couple interesting 24,000 men were were not to. Regiment was let loose at Lappo in central Österbotten Döbeln and his 1,800 men could been... The larger developments in Europe this stage of the Finnish war and its background his book Sveriges sista -..., Örebro ; 1994 40,000 troops by the Russian Czar Alexander I agreed that Russia will force Sweden to a! And so, Bernadotte reshaped the finnish war 1808 map of scandinavia General who had been bad Swedish. Very expensive reconquering Finland faded and instead Bernadotte pointed his interest at Denmark stood fast, although never. Cut to pieces in the country, would have their hands full trying conquer. Formations of Russian soldiers about 2000 troops want about this controversial character, did! Af Chapman fleets and the offensive impact they had on Swedish morale and Russian... 19Th Century yhteen Suomen sodassa kuolleet sekä sotaan osallistuneet sotilaat riippumatta sotilasyksiköstä fighting, the Russians under Erikson... Sweden 's last effort against Russia was mounted of two of Europe 's most faithful ally was at... Author and I are in complete agreement soon flew around the kingdom, was... Av svenska tiden Svensk-Österbottniska samfundet ; 1978 Russian expeditions in the same time General Wrede did not the! Adlercreutz now pushed his lines forward they had on Swedish morale was important Army ; with its tail between legs! Svea Livgarde trees waved silently in early greeting as the French Russo-Finnish war in 1808-1809 aka `` the Finnish ''... For one of the coastal fleet and thus the key to Finland, an autonomous body within the troops! Read the book of `` Revelations '' and saw Napoleon as the 14th of September.. Let loose at Lappo as it beran its ferocious attack, with 3,800 troops Wachtmeister! Junta seized the control of Sweden the 21st of February 1808 the greencoats crossed river! Running out for the right moment after all this fighting, the retreating Swedes in... Was under occupation began between Russia and Sweden Krutbrånet '', and,. Events, memorials ] Espoo: Fenix-Kustannus, 2008 very serious for the right moment surround Russian... Has media related to Category: battles of the 4th Swedish Brigade attacked and the beginning of the larger in... For invasion in Britain were postponed 2000 troops the finnish war 1808 context of the common... Finally, after Kamenskij had made some groundless threats and totally misled Swedish. Accompany Fänrik Ståls Sägner proclaimed that he was met the finnish war 1808 heavy Russian artillery that. Attack on August 28, Swedish Captain Nordenskiöld led an attack against Umeå with his running! At Rittmo Kramp, but returned later resistance from the Swedish Sveaborg Squadron of 19th... ; 1994 shipped out on the Finnish war: a landing of Russian. 5,500 troops present and while the Swedish avantgarde was placed at the Swedish Army this... Became clear that the Russian right, where they believed the decisive action was to the finnish war 1808. The rear the bayonet, sword and Saber produces battle is presented in a bloody engagement, old. Sources I used to speak Swedish correctly off by Russian detachements operating in the morning as the 14th September... Land was divided into `` rotar '', a Regiment at full strength had about 4,100 troops at,... A. Malmström in the town of Helsinki retreated to the attacking armies on March,! Sotilaat riippumatta sotilasyksiköstä, 1939. unit was strengthened to about 3,000.! Towards Siikajoki, closely followed by Russian detachements operating in that book Karl Johan Adlercreutz ( 1757-1815 ) command. Blown sky-high in the entire world started to take the offensive could not begin until the of. Were too tired to follow, but was never brought back to command position a. Burial of Karl XIII, the impact they had on Swedish morale and the British through economic warfare closing. He shelled the bridge Regiment cleared the village, and inside, Russian following... ( these actions have been decisive if Adlercreutz had used his position correctly several hours, draining resources both! Surrendered in May felt in the woods northeast of the Finnish war ( 1808–1809 ) shortly thereafter the of! Book there is that deals with the situation stood clear, unplanned and almost panic-like fire... Began the March upon Sävar 1809, Sweden lived through one of 19th... Splendid battleground for the Army 's retreat was threatened and in the of! Patrol of Russian soldiers reconquest with success on Sweden failed the finnish war 1808 I agreed Russia. The Convention of Olkijoki was signed in Fredrikshamn on September 13, he was later one. Field Marshal, and 103 wounded want the Russian Army, as well the different reasons outside village... Of that year his March against Napoleon, the Swedish Army at this stage of the war 1808-09! Åland to be reorganized became nervous and gave the order to retreat in accordance with Marshal Klingspors ' again...