[10], In 2019, researchers from the Technical University of Munich identified ethanethiol and its derivatives as a reason for its fetid smell. According to Larousse Gastronomique, the durian fruit is ready to eat when its husk begins to crack. ^ Wallace makes an almost identical comment in his 1866 publication The Malay Archipelago: The land of the orang-utang and the bird of paradise. [10], In 1949, the British botanist E. J. H. Corner published The Durian Theory, or the Origin of the Modern Tree. [10] Since the bases of the scales develop into spines as the fruit matures, sometimes spineless durians are produced artificially by scraping scales off immature fruits. Es durian (durian ice cream) is a popular dessert in Indonesia, sold at street side stall in Indonesian cities, especially in Java. [23] The edible portion of the fruit, known as the aril and usually referred to as the "flesh" or "pulp", only accounts for about 15–30% of the mass of the entire fruit. These species are commonly distributed in Brunei, and together with other species like D. testudinarius and D. dulcis constitute a genetically diverse crop source.[36]. The durian is cultivated in tropical regions, and stops growing when mean daily temperatures drop below 22 °C (72 °F). First used around 1580, the name "durian" is derived from the Malay language word dûrî (meaning 'thorn'),[6] a reference to the numerous prickly thorns This page was last changed on 17 December 2020, at 01:24. Novelist Anthony Burgess writes that eating durian is "like eating sweet raspberry blancmange in the lavatory". The durián is the fruit of a tree belonging to the genus Durio and the Malvaceae family. durian translation in English-Bangla dictionary. durian in British English. A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. A durian that falls off the tree continues to ripen for two to four days, but after five or six days most would consider it overripe and unpalatable,[3] although some Thais proceed from that point to cook it with palm sugar, creating a dessert called durian (or thurian) guan.[59]. It can be smelled from yards away. Inside there are five things like elongated oranges, and resembling thick butter, with a combination of flavours. However, the nineteenth-century British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace described its flesh as "a rich custard highly flavoured with almonds". [41] China is the major importer, purchasing 65,000 tonnes in 1999, followed by Singapore with 40,000 tonnes and Taiwan with 5,000 tonnes. [70], Since the early 1990s, the domestic and international demand for durian in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region has increased significantly, partly due to the increasing affluence of Southeast Asia. The flesh is medium-thick, solid, yellow in colour, and sweet. English. The latter belief can be traced back at least to the 18th century when Rumphius stated that one should not drink alcohol after eating durians as it will cause indigestion and bad breath. Many hotels and public transportation systems do not let people carry durians because of … The flowers are produced in three to thirty clusters together on large branches and directly on the trunk with each flower having a calyx (sepals) and five (rarely four or six) petals. However, the first studies to examine mallow phylogeny using molecular data found that the tribe Durioneae should be placed in the subfamily Helicteroideae of an expanded Malvaceae. The durian fruit can hang from any branch, and matures roughly three months after pollination. The unusual flavour and odour of the fruit have prompted many people to express diverse and passionate views ranging from deep appreciation to intense disgust. / ˈduːriən/. In Thailand, durian is often eaten fresh with sweet sticky rice, and blocks of durian paste are sold in the markets, though much of the paste is adulterated with pumpkin. [28] On 22 May 2012, two other cultivars from Thailand that also lack the usual odour, Long Laplae and Lin Laplae, were presented to the public by Yothin Samutkhiri, governor of Uttaradit Province from where these cultivars were developed locally, while he announced the dates for the annual durian fair of Laplae District, and the name given to each cultivar. Being a fruit much loved by a variety of wild beasts, the durian sometimes signifies the long-forgotten animalistic aspect of humans, as in the legend of Orang Mawas, the Malaysian version of Bigfoot, and Orang Pendek, its Sumatran version, both of which have been claimed to feast on durians. Several medical investigations on the validity of this belief have been conducted with varying conclusions,[10] though a study by the University of Tsukuba finds the fruit's high sulphur content inhibits the activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase, causing a 70 percent reduction of the ability to clear toxins from the body. Over thirty clones of D. zibethinus, Thai government scientist Songpol Somsri had crossbred than! J. D. Gimlette wrote in his Malay Poisons and Charm Cures that the durian is a sensation! Content, primarily sucrose, has a very strong smell mainstream Japanese supermarkets, while in the English... 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