Animals such as Sumatran elephants and tigers are known to consume durians. A durian is a big fruit with a strong smell and a hard shell with sharp thorns. The flowers are produced in three to thirty clusters together on large branches and directly on the trunk with each flower having a calyx (sepals) and five (rarely four or six) petals. [10] Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale-yellow to red, depending on the species. Different cultivars may be distinguished to some extent by variations in the fruit shape, such as the shape of the spines. [67], D. zibethinus was introduced into Ceylon by the Portuguese in the 16th century and was reintroduced many times later. How to pronounce durian. The wide range of descriptions for the odour of durian may have a great deal to do with the variability of durian odour itself. durian definition: 1. a large, oval, tropical fruit with a hard skin covered in sharp points, yellow, orange, or red…. Buy branded furniture online at Durian store. Of this, Malaysia exported 35,000 tonnes in 1999. English. Each cultivar has a distinct taste and odour. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. durian translation in English-Tagalog dictionary. D. zibethinus is the only species commercially cultivated on a large scale and available outside of its native region. (Translation of durian from the … The latter belief can be traced back at least to the 18th century when Rumphius stated that one should not drink alcohol after eating durians as it will cause indigestion and bad breath. [10] The leaves are evergreen, elliptic to oblong and 10–18 centimetres (4–7 inches) long. The first seedlings were sent from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, to Auguste Saint-Arroman of Dominica in 1884. [3] The petals of durian flowers are eaten in the North Sumatra province of Indonesia and Sarawak of Malaysia, while in the Moluccas islands the husk of the durian fruit is used as fuel to smoke fish. Mon Thong is the most commercially sought after, for its thick, full-bodied creamy and mild sweet-tasting flesh with relatively moderate smell emitted and smaller seeds, while Chanee is the best in terms of its resistance to infection by Phytophthora palmivora. ‘For instance, the smell of durians is fragrant for people in some cultures but repellant for those in others.’. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine … [38] Due to the increasing popularity of durian in China, the price had risen up to 20 times over in four years, in a market that was worth nearly £400m in 2018. [56] The thorny, armoured covering of the fruit discourages smaller animals; larger animals are more likely to transport the seeds far from the parent tree.[57]. 1 : a large oval tasty but foul-smelling fruit with a prickly rind. [88], For a complete list of known species of Durio, see, "Hail the king of fruit - 10 types of durians from Malaysia", "A review on the nutritional, medicinal, molecular and genome attributes of durian (, "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website – Malvales", "Phylogeny of the core Malvales: evidence from ndhF sequence data", "Support for an expanded family concept of Malvaceae within a recircumscribed order Malvales: a combined analysis of plastid atpB and rbcL DNA sequences", "The draft genome of tropical fruit durian (Durio zibethinus)", "Bird-pollination of Three Durio Species (Bombacaceae) in a Tropical Rainforest in Sarawak, Malaysia", "Durian Exporting Strategy, National Durian Database (กลยุทธการส่งออกทุเรียน)", "Comprehensive List of Durian Clones Registered by the Agriculture Department (of Malaysia)", "Fans Sour on Sweeter Version of Asia's Smelliest Fruit", "Panduan Lengkap Durian untuk Pencinta Raja Buah", "10 variations of durians - the King of Fruits - Metro News | The Star Online", "Variability analysis of Sukun durian plant (Durio zibethinus) based on RAPD marker", "Durian: the foul-smelling fruit that could make Malaysia millions", "Durians Smell Awful – But the Taste Is Heavenly", "Bioactive compounds, nutritional value, and potential health benefits of indigenous durian (, "Smelly durian fruit sends six to hospital and forces evacuation", "Sumatran tiger inspects durian fruit on forest floor", "Durians and booze: worse than a stinking hangover", "Jakarta: A city we learn to love but never to like", "Baby boy killed by falling durian in Jawi", "China's hunger for durian threatens Malaysian forests: Environmentalists", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Durian&oldid=1002618414, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 07:59. 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